The EU and the UK reach an interim agreement. It includes a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which all EU rules will continue to apply. It also covers the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. In addition, EU citizens residing in the UK and British citizens residing in the European Union will be given full protection throughout their lives; they can continue to live, work, study and benefit from social security in the UK or the EU. These rights came into force immediately on the basis of the withdrawal agreement; the resulting necessary regulations are transposed into national legislation and implemented by appropriate measures. In Germany, laws amending the law on the free movement of persons came into force on 24 November 2020. It deals with the residence rights of British nationals and their family members who are entitled to free movement under the withdrawal agreement. For more information, visit the website of the Federal Ministry of Interior, Construction and Municipality. According to the British in Europe lobby group (which represents British citizens residing in EU countries) in June 2020, “up to 23 EU Member States had still implemented systems to document the future rights of the 1.2 million British citizens already living on the continent who are unaware of their future rights and obligations.”  “The UK introduced its [registration] system for EU citizens last March , in which more than 3.3 million people were granted pre-regulated or regulated status after Brexit,” he said.  Prior to the withdrawal, a withdrawal agreement was negotiated to ensure that the main political and economic relations between the EU and the UK were not separated overnight. The agreement has been in force since 1 February 2020, when the UK left the EU. It provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which time EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK and the UK will continue to be part of the EU internal market and the EU customs union. During this transition period, the EU and the UK are negotiating their future relations.
The political declaration on future relations, adopted by both sides, accompanies the withdrawal agreement and sets the framework for the negotiations. This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union, which defines the procedure for the withdrawal of an EU member state, thus opening a two-year countdown to withdrawal. The rules for citizens and businesses wishing to move, work or study in another country after the end of the transition period will depend to a large extent on the outcome of the ongoing negotiations on future relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom. If an agreement is not reached, the rules and rules must be applied to third countries outside the EU. After the adoption by the British House of Lords on 22 January of the European Union Withdrawal Agreement Act, the bill received royal approval from the Queen. The European Parliament approved the agreement on 29 January. The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the withdrawal agreement with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (abolition of the “backstop”) and a revised political declaration.